History has witnessed the creative and functional outlet of the depth of society through its architectural styles and designs. If you notice the basics of architectural styles you can peep into the art and culture prevalent during that period in Europe. Whether it’s classical Greek temples or ornate decorations found in French beauties, European architecture always mesmerizes me, as it does to many others in the world.
Ancient Roman or Classical architecture
This type of style started in 72 AD. There are different orders of columns like Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian into which this architecture style can be split. On the ground floor, half columns are a Roman variation of the Doric style. At the same time, the Ionic order is found at the semi-columns of the second floor and on the third floor, there are Corinthian order columns.
The Acropolis of Athens is a classic example of this style. Different religious temples are built in stone and are a classic example of geometry, symmetry, and perspective.
The French Baroque style of architecture started in 1623 under the Monarchist regime of Europe. Its main features include the use of elaborate ornate decorations and elements that creates a dramatic environment. The dramatic use of light mainly by contrasting light and dark makes everything appear more attractive. It is viewed as the structural platform that is mainly for decoration. The Church of Gesù in Rome is a classic example. St Paul’s Cathedral in London and the Trevi Fountain in Rome is another classic example.
The classical floors of these buildings are something worth mentioning. Among the different styles, parquet flooring is beautiful and still relevant. Different pieces of solid wood are arranged in a geometrical pattern to carte parquet flooring. Different woods are used for parquet flooring including walnut and oak. You can find a classic example in Royal château in Versailles. Many manors and chateaus in Europe still have this flooring.
This architecture originated in the late Middle Ages in France during the years 900 and 1300. Originally it was known as Opus Francigenum which means French work. After the majestic architecture was started constructed during the Enlightenment period the name ‘Gothic’ came forth. Its main features are the rib vaults and the ogival arches.
Today most of the gothic architecture is included in UNESCO world heritage. Some classic examples are Reims Cathedral, Notre Dame Cathedral, Westminster Abbey in London, and many more.